Sex is fun, but the consequences it has can be very life altering. Thereby, we have compiled a list of the various contraceptives for vagina’s as well as penis’. Of course we couldn’t cover all the contraceptives – there’s one too many. Here are some of our favourites and by far, the most used contraceptives!
Vagina/ Female Reproduction Friendly:
The contraceptive implant (Nexplanon) is a small flexible plastic rod that’s placed under the skin in your upper arm by a doctor or nurse. This is usually done under local anaesthesia with a small incision.
It releases the hormone progestogen into your bloodstream to prevent pregnancy and lasts for 3 years.
- works for 3 years and doesn’t interrupt sex.
- it’s an option if you can’t use oestrogen-based contraceptions.
- your fertility will return to normal as soon as the implant is taken out.
- it may reduce heavy periods or painful periods.
- temporary side effects during the first few months, like headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood swings
- usually affected by medicines
- your periods may be irregular or stop altogether
- you may get acne or your acne might get worse
- you’ll need a small procedure to have it fitted and removed
- it doesn’t protect you against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You’ll need condoms as well.
Intrauterine device (IUD)
- It protects against pregnancy for 5 or 10 years and doesn’t interrupt sex.
- Once an IUD is fit, it works straight away
- There are no hormonal side effects, such as acne, headaches or breast tenderness.
- It’s possible to get pregnant as soon as the IUD is removed.
- It’s not affected by other medicines.
- There’s no evidence that an IUD will affect your weight or increase the risk of cervical cancer, cancer of the uterus or ovarian cancer.
- Your periods may become heavier, longer or more painful, though this may improve after a few months.
- It doesn’t protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms as well.
- If you get an infection when you have an IUD fitted, it could lead to a pelvic infection if not treated.
Also Read: Contraceptives: A Brief (and goofy) History
- it doesn’t interrupt sex and is easy to put in and take out
- you don’t have to think about it every day or each time you have sex
- the ring isn’t affected if you’re sick (vomit) or have diarrhoea
- it may help with premenstrual symptoms
- period-type bleeding usually becomes lighter, more regular and less painful
- it can have additional health benefits, such as reducing the risk of some cancers
- it has no long-term effect on your fertility
- you may not feel comfortable inserting or removing it from your vagina
- you can have spotting and bleeding in the first few months
- it may cause temporary side effects, such as increased vaginal discharge, headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood changes
- the ring doesn’t protect against STIs
- some medicines can make the ring less effective
Birth Control Pill
There are two different types of Birth Control Pills:
- The Combined Pill: contains artificial versions of female hormones oestrogen and progesterone
- The Progestogen Pill: progestogen-only pill
- does not interrupt sex, can reduce symptoms of PMS
- it usually makes your bleeds regular, lighter and less painful
- reduces your risk of cancer of the ovaries, womb and colon
- can sometimes reduce acne, risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts and non-cancerous breast disease and pelvic inflammatory disease
- can cause temporary side effects at first, such as headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood swings – if these do not go after a few months, it may help to change to a different pill
- it can increase your blood pressure, as well as bleeding and spotting on the first few months
- does not protect you against sexually transmitted infections
- has been linked to an increased risk of some serious health conditions, such as thrombosis (blood clots) and breast cancer