An A-Z Guide on Contraceptives

An A-Z Guide on Contraceptives

Sex is fun, but the consequences it has can be very life altering. Thereby, we have compiled a list of the various contraceptives for vagina’s as well as penis’. Of course we couldn’t cover all the contraceptives – there’s one too many. Here are some of our favourites and by far, the most used contraceptives!

Vagina/ Female Reproduction Friendly:

Contraceptive Implant

The contraceptive implant (Nexplanon) is a small flexible plastic rod that’s placed under the skin in your upper arm by a doctor or nurse. This is usually done under local anaesthesia with a small incision.
It releases the hormone progestogen into your bloodstream to prevent pregnancy and lasts for 3 years.


  • works for 3 years and doesn’t interrupt sex.
  • it’s an option if you can’t use oestrogen-based contraceptions.
  • your fertility will return to normal as soon as the implant is taken out.
  • it may reduce heavy periods or painful periods.


  • temporary side effects during the first few months, like headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood swings
  • usually affected by medicines
  • your periods may be irregular or stop altogether
  • you may get acne or your acne might get worse
  • you’ll need a small procedure to have it fitted and removed
  • it doesn’t protect you against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You’ll need condoms as well. A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
It’s small and fits in your arm, how convenient!

Intrauterine device (IUD)

An IUD is a small, T-shaped plastic and copper device that’s put into your womb (uterus) by a doctor or nurse. It releases copper to stop you getting pregnant and protects against pregnancy for between 5 and 10 years.


  • It protects against pregnancy for 5 or 10 years and doesn’t interrupt sex.
  • Once an IUD is fit, it works straight away
  • There are no hormonal side effects, such as acne, headaches or breast tenderness.
  • It’s possible to get pregnant as soon as the IUD is removed.
  • It’s not affected by other medicines.
  • There’s no evidence that an IUD will affect your weight or increase the risk of cervical cancer, cancer of the uterus or ovarian cancer.


  • Your periods may become heavier, longer or more painful, though this may improve after a few months.
  • It doesn’t protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms as well.
  • If you get an infection when you have an IUD fitted, it could lead to a pelvic infection if not treated.

Also Read: Contraceptives: A Brief (and goofy) History A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
The IUD has two forms, copper and hormone. This is a hormone IUD that’s inserted into your uterus.

Vaginal Ring

The vaginal ring (NuvaRing) is a small soft, plastic ring that you place inside your vagina. It releases a continuous dose of the hormones oestrogen and progestogen into the bloodstream to prevent pregnancy.

  • it doesn’t interrupt sex and is easy to put in and take out
  • you don’t have to think about it every day or each time you have sex
  • the ring isn’t affected if you’re sick (vomit) or have diarrhoea
  • it may help with premenstrual symptoms
  • period-type bleeding usually becomes lighter, more regular and less painful
  • it can have additional health benefits, such as reducing the risk of some cancers
  • it has no long-term effect on your fertility


  • you may not feel comfortable inserting or removing it from your vagina
  • you can have spotting and bleeding in the first few months
  • it may cause temporary side effects, such as increased vaginal discharge, headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood changes
  • the ring doesn’t protect against STIs
  • some medicines can make the ring less effective A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
They look a little large, but they’re one of the least painful and time restraining of the lot!

Birth Control Pill 

There are two different types of Birth Control Pills:

  • The Combined Pill: contains artificial versions of female hormones oestrogen and progesterone
  • The Progestogen Pill: progestogen-only pill


  • does not interrupt sex, can reduce symptoms of PMS
  • it usually makes your bleeds regular, lighter and less painful
  • reduces your risk of cancer of the ovaries, womb and colon
  • can sometimes reduce acne, risk of fibroids, ovarian cysts and non-cancerous breast disease and pelvic inflammatory disease


  • can cause temporary side effects at first, such as headaches, nausea, breast tenderness and mood swings – if these do not go after a few months, it may help to change to a different pill
  • it can increase your blood pressure, as well as bleeding and spotting on the first few months
  • does not protect you against sexually transmitted infections
  • has been linked to an increased risk of some serious health conditions, such as thrombosis (blood clots) and breast cancer A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
Birth Control Pill – different formats to better suit you and your time!

Penis/ Male Reproduction Friendly:


Condoms are the only type of contraception that can both prevent pregnancy and protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
There are two types of condoms: male condoms, worn on the penis and female condoms, worn inside the vagina.


  • When used correctly and consistently, they are a reliable method of preventing pregnancy.
  • They help to protect both partners from STIs, including chlamydia, gonorrhoea and HIV.
  • You only need to use them when you have sex – they do not need preparation and are suitable for unplanned sex.
  • In most cases, there are no medical side effects from using condoms.
  • They are easy to get hold of and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and flavours.


  • Some couples find that using condoms interrupts sex – to get around this, try to make using a condom part of foreplay.
  • Condoms are very strong but may split or tear if not used properly. If this happens to you, practise putting them on so you get used to using them.
  • Some people may be allergic to latex, plastic or spermicides, but you can get condoms that are less likely to cause an allergic reaction.
  • When using a condom, the man has to pull out after he has ejaculated and before his penis goes soft, holding the condom firmly in place. A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
Ah, our favourites, so colourful and fun. The most versatile and safest of them all!

Also Read: This Self Lubricating Condom is Changing The Sex Game


A vasectomy (male sterilisation) is a surgical procedure to cut or seal the tubes that carry a man’s sperm to permanently prevent pregnancy. It’s usually carried out under local anaesthetic, where you’re awake but don’t feel any pain, and takes about 15 minutes.


  • a vasectomy is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy
  • long-term effects on your health are rare
  • it doesn’t affect your hormone levels, sex drive or interfere with sex
  • it may be chosen as a simpler and safer alternative to female sterilisation


  • vasectomy doesn’t protect against STIs, so you may need to use condoms as well
  • a vasectomy can’t be easily reversed, and reversals are rarely funded by the NHS
  • you need to keep using contraception after the operation until tests show your semen is free of sperm
  • possible complications include a collection of blood inside the scrotum (haematoma), hard lumps called sperm granulomas (caused by sperm leaking from the tubes), an infection, or long-term testicle pain (you may need further surgery)
  • the vas deferens tubes can reconnect, but this is very rare A-Z Guide on Contraceptives
Because, why should vaginas take all the precautions? Sex is two way – this is how you show it.

At the end of the day, whatever contraceptive methods you choose, make sure you are SAFE and engaging in CONSENSUAL sex.

While you’re here, also enjoy: A Safe Sex Guide For The LGBT Community

credits: NHS: Guide on Contraceptives

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