Transitioning is the process of changing one’s gender presentation. This is done so that one’s inner gender can match their outer gender, making people around you treat you as you would like to be. This can be both physically, in the sense of medical surgeries, or with attributes like name, pronoun and dress sense. Transitioning is very specific to each person. Thus, can be a process that’s more than a couple years or can be as short as a couple of weeks.
Transitioning is sometimes confused with sex reassignment surgery (SRS), but that is only one possible element of transitioning. Many people who transition choose not to have SRS or do not have the means to do so. Some transgender and non-binary people have little or no desire to undergo surgery to change their body but will transition in other ways.
How do transgender people transition?
There are two different types of transition, and social transition and medical transition.
Social transitioning usually includes:
- coming out to your friends and family as transgender
- asking people to use pronouns (she/her, he/him, they/them) that match your gender identity
- going by a different name that better suits you
- dressing and grooming in ways that match your gender identity
For trans men medical transition may include any of the following:
- hormone therapy (to create masculine characteristics such as a deeper voice, facial hair growth, muscle growth, redistribution of body fat away from hips and breasts, not getting a period, etc.)
- male chest reconstruction, or “top surgery” (removal of breasts and breast tissue)
- hysterectomy (removal of internal female reproductive organs like the ovaries and uterus)
- phalloplasty (construction of a penis using skin from other parts of your body)
metoidioplasty (surgery that causes your clitoris to work more like a penis, along with hormone treatment to make your clitoris grow larger)
For trans women and some non-binary people medical transition may include any of the following:
- hormone therapy (to create feminine characteristics such as less body hair, breasts, redistribution of body fat toward hips and breasts, etc.)
- breast augmentation (implants)
- orchiectomy (removal of testes)
- laser hair removal (to remove hair from your face or other parts of your body)
- tracheal shave (making your Adam’s apple smaller)
- facial feminization surgery (create smaller, more feminine facial features)
- penile inversion vaginoplasty (creation of a vagina by inverting penile skin)
How do you change your gender legally?
Firstly, when a person decides to change their gender they need to make a gender change affidavit. So, it is better to approach any LGBT friendly advocate or groups for the format in the city.
Some general details should be mentioned in the affidavit such as old name new name, father’s name, address and the reason for changing the gender. Now, this affidavit should be notarized by a notary public with a recent photo on it. It should be made sure that the photo is attached in the affidavit because it is required to update ID changes
Medical documents required
1) GID (Gender Identity Disorder)/GD (Gender Dysphoria) letter
2) HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) initiation letter
3) Any kind of surgery documents that adds value to the whole scenario
Advertisements relating the changes are put in the national newspaper. Furthermore, the other advertisement in the regional newspaper.
One should make sure that at least five copies of the newspaper are retained since this might help apply for different IDs.
Application for Aadhar card
One should visit their nearest Aadhar Enrolment Centre for updating their gender change details. It is better to visit the Government Enrolment Centre instead of a third party vendor. One should be honest with their explanations to the officer in charge about why they are willing to change details.
The name change can be generally done by submitting a copy of the affidavit, newspaper advertisement and by filling up the correction form available at the enrolment centre. Gender can be self-identifiable. Not many ask for medical proofs. But it is always better to carry the medical documents.
If in case, the affidavit is not sufficient, then a copy of gazette publication of name change or certificate of identity that has photo issued by the Gazetted Officer can also be provided.
Central Gazette Publication
Gazette publications are associated with changing the educational documents and bank account Details. If they have to get these details they have to go with this step. It is better to go for a Central Gazette Publication instead of State Gazette as it holds a higher legal value.
1) A newspaper advertisement in the required format
2) Present Address Proof (Rental Agreement in case of a rented house)
3) GID/GD Letter.
Application for PAN Card
One can apply for PAN online or at any PAN correction centres at nearest places.
1) Filled PAN Card Correction Form
3) Newspaper Advertisement or Gazette publication copy or Certificate of Identity that has photo issued by the Gazetted Officer
4) Recent photograph
5) Address Proof
Update of bank account details
You can visit the main branch of the bank for changes in the bank account details.
2) Newspaper publication copies
3) Gazette Publication
4) Any two ID cards with the new name (PAN Card or AADHAR Card or Voter ID)